Punjabi Alphabet

Key

lettertransliteration of letter

name of lettertransliteration of letter name

  • Generally, h denotes aspiration.
  • For ਤ, ਥ, ਦ, and ਧ, t and d denote dental consonants, i.e., the tongue is placed behind the front teeth. ਟ, ਠ, ਡ, and ਢ, while and denote retroflex consonants, i.e., the tongue is placed further back in the mouth with its tip against the palate.
  • The first three letters, ੳ, ਅ, and ੲ, are not used on their own. They are used in combination with dependent vowels to form independent vowels, e.g., ਉ is u, ਆ is ā, and ਈ is ī, however by themselves they represent nothing.
  • Alphabetical order is left to right, down to the next row then left to right, etc.

Punjabi Alphabet

...

ਊੜਾūṛ-ā

...

ਐੜਾaiṛ-ā

...

ਈੜੀīṛ-ī

s

ਸੱਸਾsas-sā

h

ਹਾਹਾhā-hā

k

ਕੱਕਾkak-kā

kh

ਖੱਖਾkhakh-khā

g

ਗੱਗਾgag-gā

gh

ਘੱਗਾghag-gā

ਙੰਙਾṅaṃ-ṅā

c

ਚੱਚਾcac-cā

chh

ਛੱਛਾchach-chā

j

ਜੱਜਾjaj-jā

jh

ਝੱਜਾjhaj-jā

ñ

ਞੰਞਾñaṃ-ñā

ਟੈਂਕਾṭain-kā

ṭh

ਠੱਠਾṭath-ṭā

d

ਡੱਡਾdad-dā

dh

ਢੱਡਾdhad-dā

ਣਾਣਾṇā-ṇā

t

ਤੱਤਾtat-tā

th

ਥੱਥਾthath-thā

d

ਦੱਦਾdad-dā

dh

ਧੱਦਾdhad-dā

n

ਨੱਨਾ

nan-nā

p

ਪੱਪਾpap-pā

ph

ਫੱਫਾphaph-phā

b

ਬੱਬਾbab-bā

bh

ਭੱਬਾbhab-bā

m

ਮੱਮਾmam-mā

y

ਯੱਯਾyay-yā

r

ਰਾਰਾrar-rā

l

ਲੱਲਾlal-lā

v

ਵੱਵਾvav-vā

ੜṛ

ੜਾੜਾṛā-ṛā

ਸ਼ś

ਸ਼ੱਸ਼ਾśaś-śā

ਖ਼kh

ਖ਼ੱਖ਼ਾkhakh-khā

ਗ਼ġ

ਗ਼ੱਗ਼ਾġā

ਜ਼z

ਜ਼ੱਜ਼ਾzaz-zā

ਫ਼f

ਫ਼ੱਫ਼ਾfaf-fā

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